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Congress Ready to Debate Policing Laws 04/22 06:05


   WASHINGTON (AP) -- Bolstered with new momentum, Congress is ready to try 
again to change the nation's policing laws, heeding President Joe Biden's 
admonition that the guilty verdict in George Floyd's death is "not enough" for 
a nation confronting a legacy of police violence.

   Legislation that was once stalled on Capitol Hill is now closer than ever to 
consensus, lawmakers of both parties said Wednesday, a day after a Minneapolis 
jury found former officer Derek Chauvin guilty of murder and manslaughter in 
Floyd's death. Behind the scenes, negotiations are narrowing on a compromise 
for a sweeping overhaul, though passage remains uncertain.

   Tuesday's verdict launches "a new phase of a long struggle to bring justice 
to America," declared Rep. Karen Bass, D-Calif., in urging passage of the 
George Floyd Justice in Policing Act. "This is the human rights issue in the 
United States of America."

   The revived effort, led by Black lawmakers including Republican Sen. Tim 
Scott of South Carolina, comes at a pivotal moment. The nation is on edge over 
the Floyd case, the deaths of other Black Americans -- including a 16-year-old 
girl brandishing a knife about the time the Minneapolis verdict was announced 
-- and almost a year of protests accusing police of brutal actions that often 
go unseen.

   The guilty verdict for Chauvin was a rare occurrence, not least because in 
this case an officer's actions were recorded by a bystander and shown to the 
jury in court. That followed months of the video being played repeatedly on TV, 
imprinted in the minds of Americans everywhere.

   With political pressure mounting on all sides, Biden is urging Congress to 
plunge back into policing legislation.

   "We can't stop here," he said Tuesday after the verdict.

   In private, Scott briefed key Republican senators on Wednesday, updating his 
colleagues on quiet negotiations that have been underway with Democrats for 
nearly two months. He told reporters he expected to wrap up those talks with 
the Democrats within two weeks.

   "We've made tremendous progress," Scott said on Capitol Hill.

   Democrats say they are ready.

   "This has to come to a stop," said Rep. James Clyburn, D-S.C., the highest 
ranking Black elected official in Congress, after the Chauvin verdict.

   He and others, including Scott, have told wrenching stories of their own 
experiences with law enforcement well into their adult lives as elected 
officials serving in the most powerful corridors of power.

   Congress struggled with a police overhaul bill last summer in the immediate 
aftermath of Floyd's death, but the legislation went nowhere after Democrats 
and Republicans could not agree to a compromise package.

   The House, led by Democrats, has now twice approved a sweeping overhaul, the 
George Floyd Justice in Policing Act, that would be the most substantial 
federally ordered changes to policing in a generation.

   The bill would allow police officers to be sued and damages awarded for 
violating people's constitutional rights, limiting "qualified immunity" 
protections now in place for law enforcement.

   The legislation would ban the use of chokeholds and would create a national 
databases of police misconduct in an effort to prevent "bad apple" officers 
from being hired by other departments.

   A Republican bill from Scott does not go as far as the House-passed measure. 
It was blocked last year by Senate Democrats, a fact that Republicans are 

   The GOP's Justice Act would step up compliance by law enforcement in 
submitting use-of-force reports to a national database. It also would require 
compliance reports for no-knock warrants, like the kind officers used to enter 
the residence when Breonna Taylor was killed in Kentucky.

   The Democratic and Republican bills do share some provisions, including a 
measure making lynching a federal hate crime.

   Talks in recent weeks have centered on one of the main differences, the 
limits on the public's ability to sue law enforcement officers under "qualified 
immunity." One alternative being discussed would allow police departments, 
rather than individual officers, to be held liable.

   "I think that is a logical step forward," said Scott, putting more of the 
burden on the department rather than the officer.

   Biden is sure to speak about policing issues in his address to a joint 
session of Congress next Wednesday. Though he is eager to get a police reform 
bill on his desk, press secretary Jen Psaki says the decision on what 
legislation is passed and when is the responsibility of Congress.

   The White House is giving lawmakers "space" to hash out details, Psaki said.

   Not that Biden is steering totally clear. Senior administration leaders are 
consulting with members of Congress, as is the president, who has held separate 
Oval Office meetings with lawmakers. Aides are also working with civil rights 
organizations and other outside groups to pressure Congress to act.

   And on Wednesday, Attorney General Merrick Garland announced the Department 
of Justice is opening a sweeping investigation into Minneapolis policing. It 
will examine whether there is a "pattern or practice" of unlawful or 
unconstitutional actions and could result in changes.

   But in the aftermath of Floyd's death and others, some leading Black 
advocates say neither bill being discussed in Congress goes far enough to stem 
a national history of police brutality.

   In the hours after Chauvin's conviction, activists across the nation were 
shifting their attention toward Democratic leaders who they say must be held 
accountable for campaign promises that were made about addressing police abuse 
and other pressing issues facing Black Americans.

   Reform can't "happen around the edges," said Maurice Mitchell, a Movement 
for Black Lives strategist and national director of the Working Families Party.

   The Movement for Black Lives, which has opposed the George Floyd Justice in 
Policing Act, is pressing officials to consider its BREATHE Act legislation, 
which would completely overhaul the nation's criminal justice system and shift 
funding toward communities, he said.

   "Democrats should be on notice that talk is cheap and that Black folks are 
very clear that our vote put them over the top and put them in the position to 
govern," Mitchell said. "And now they need to govern and lead with the clarity 
that it is the Black community, the Black vote and Black movements that were an 
essential part of the electoral coalition that brought them into this position."

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